This month marks the 35th anniversary of the death of Archbishop Oscar Romero. As the first bishop slain at the altar since Thomas Becket in the twelfth century, Romero would seem to have an easy claim on most definitions of martyrdom. If, until now, the Vatican was slow to reach this conclusion, it was ostensibly because of the requirement that a martyr must be killed “in odium fidei”—in hatred of the faith. Critics of Romero’s canonization claimed he had died for getting himself mixed up in politics. This was the same charge that Ambassador Jeanne Kirkpatrick used when she said we must be “a little more clear-cut” about the motives of those who raped and killed four American churchwomen in El Salvador: “The nuns were not just nuns; they were political activists.” In other words, they were subversives.